Configuring a Web Server

This article describes several ways to use LibArea with Apache or Nginx. When using Apache, you can set up PHP as an Apache module or with FastCGI using PHP FPM. FastCGI is also the preferred way to use PHP with Nginx.

Публичный каталог (public)

The public directory (/public) is the home of all public and static files in your application, including images, style sheets, and JavaScript files. There is also index.php.

The public directory serves as the document root when setting up your web server. In the examples below, the public/ directory will be the document root. This directory is /var/www/project/public/.

Apache с mod_php/PHP-CGI

The minimum configuration to get your application running under Apache is:

<VirtualHost *:80>

    DocumentRoot /var/www/project/public
    <Directory /var/www/project/public>
        AllowOverride All
        Order Allow,Deny
        Allow from All

    # uncomment the following lines if you install assets as symlinks
    # or run into problems when compiling LESS/Sass/CoffeeScript assets
    # <Directory /var/www/project>
    #     Options FollowSymlinks
    # </Directory>

    ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/project_error.log
    CustomLog /var/log/apache2/project_access.log combined

Использование mod_php/PHP-CGI с Apache 2.4

In Apache 2.4, Order Allow,Deny has been replaced by Require all granted. Hence, you need to modify your Directory permission settings as follows:

<Directory /var/www/project/public>
    Require all granted
    # ...

For advanced Apache configuration options, read the official Apache documentation.


The minimum configuration to get your application running under Nginx is:

server {
    root /var/www/project/public;

    location / {
        # try to serve file directly, fallback to index.php
        try_files $uri /index.php$is_args$args;

    # optionally disable falling back to PHP script for the asset directories;
    # nginx will return a 404 error when files are not found instead of passing the
    # request to LibArea (improves performance but LibArea's 404 page is not displayed)
    # location /bundles {
    #     try_files $uri =404;
    # }

    location ~ ^/index\.php(/|$) {
        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)$;
        include fastcgi_params;

        # optionally set the value of the environment variables used in the application
        # fastcgi_param APP_ENV prod;
        # fastcgi_param APP_SECRET <app-secret-id>;
        # fastcgi_param DATABASE_URL "mysql://db_user:db_pass@host:3306/db_name";

        # When you are using symlinks to link the document root to the
        # current version of your application, you should pass the real
        # application path instead of the path to the symlink to PHP
        # FPM.
        # Otherwise, PHP's OPcache may not properly detect changes to
        # your PHP files (see
        # for more information).
        # Caveat: When PHP-FPM is hosted on a different machine from nginx
        #         $realpath_root may not resolve as you expect! In this case try using
        #         $document_root instead.
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $realpath_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_ROOT $realpath_root;
        # Prevents URIs that include the front controller. This will 404:
        # Remove the internal directive to allow URIs like this

    # return 404 for all other php files not matching the front controller
    # this prevents access to other php files you don't want to be accessible.
    location ~ \.php$ {
        return 404;

    error_log /var/log/nginx/project_error.log;
    access_log /var/log/nginx/project_access.log;

For advanced Nginx configuration options, read the official Nginx documentation.

Locally (XAMPP)

Configuration example for XAMPP, PHP 8.1.2, httpd-xampp.conf:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin webmaster@lib.loc
        DocumentRoot "d:/xampp/htdocs/lib.loc/public"
        ServerName lib.loc
    ServerAlias www.lib.loc
    ErrorLog "d:/xampp/htdocs/lib.loc/error.log"
        CustomLog "d:/xampp/htdocs/lib.loc/access.log"
    <Directory "d:/xampp/htdocs/lib.loc/public">
        Require all granted
        AllowOverride All
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all

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